Mitochondrial Oxidative Stress Induces Leaky Ryanodine Receptor During Mechanical Ventilation

Document Type


Publication Date



RATIONALE: Ventilator-induced diaphragm dysfunction (VIDD) increases morbidity and mortality in critical care patients. Although VIDD has been associated with mitochondrial oxidative stress and calcium homeostasis impairment, the underling mechanisms are still unknown. We hypothesized that diaphragmatic mitochondrial oxidative stress causes remodeling of the ryanodine receptor (RyR1)/calcium release channel, contributing to sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca

METHOD: In mice diaphragms mechanically ventilated for short (6 h) and long (12 h) period, we assessed mitochondrial ROS production, mitochondrial aconitase activity as a marker of mitochondrial oxidative stress, RyR1 remodeling and function, Ca

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: 6 h of mechanical ventilation (MV) resulted in increased mitochondrial ROS production, reduction of mitochondrial aconitase activity, increased oxidation, S-nitrosylation, S-glutathionylation and Ser-2844 phosphorylation of RyR1, depletion of stabilizing subunit calstabin1 from RyR1, increased SR Ca

Publication Title

Free Radical Biology and Medicine

PubMed ID



This article was published in Free Radical Biology and Medicine.

The published version is available at

Copyright © 2019 Published by Elsevier Inc.

This document is currently not available here.