Metalloendopeptidase inhibition regulates phosphorylation of p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase and nitric oxide synthase in heart after endotoxemia.

Document Type


Publication Date



We tested the hypothesis that metalloendopeptidase inhibition using phosphoramidon during induction of endotoxemia 24 h later would down-regulate the protein expression of myocardial inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and phosphorylation of p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38-MAPK). Male Sprague-Dawley rats (350-400 g) were randomly divided into sham-treated and LPS-treated groups (Escherichia. coli lipopolysaccharide [LPS] 2 mg/kg bolus + 2 mg/kg infusion for 30 min). The animals in each group were further subdivided into vehicle- and phosphoramidon (1 mg/kg bolus)-treated subgroups. Blood and heart samples were collected at 2- and 24-h postendotoxemia/phosphoramidon treatment. LPS at 2 h after its administration produced a significant decrease in mean arterial pressure that was blocked by phosphoramidon treatment. LPS at 2 and 24 h produced a significant elevation in the concentration of left ventricular endothelin-1 (ET-1) both in heart and plasma as compared with control group. This LPS-induced left ventricular ET-1 elevation at 24 h was significantly reduced by phosphoramidon. No significant alterations were observed in the myocardial protein expression of preproET-1, iNOS, and eNOS at 2 h post LPS. In 24-h post treatment groups phosphoramidon upregulated the expression of myocardial preproET-1 protein both in control and endotoxemic rat groups. Also, LPS-induced upregulated protein expression of myocardial-inducible nitric oxide synthase and increased levels of nitric oxide byproducts at 24 h were blocked by phosphoramidon. Phosphoramidon inhibited LPS-induced down-regulated expression of myocardial endothelial nitric oxide synthase and upregulated p38-MAPK phosphorylation. These results indicated that inhibition of metalloendopeptidase during induction of endotoxemia could regulate the phosphorylation of myocardial p38-MAPK and iNOS protein expression at 24-h post endotoxemia. We concluded that inhibition of metalloendopeptidases during early endotoxemia not only decreased the biosynthesis of ET-1 in heart locally but also simultaneously down-regulated myocardial protein expression of iNOS and p38-MAPK phosphorylation in the later stage of endotoxemia.

Publication Title

Shock (Augusta, Ga.)



First Page


Last Page



This article was published in Shock (Augusta, Ga.), Volume 20, Issue 4, Pages 375-381.

The published version is available at http://ovidsp.tx.ovid.com/sp-3.15.1b/ovidweb.cgi?&S=IDGMFPFLKLDDFLMANCKKKFGCJPHOAA00&Link+Set=S.sh. .

Copyright © 2003

This document is currently not available here.