Despite minimal hemodynamic alterations endotoxemia modulates NOS and p38-MAPK phosphorylation via metalloendopeptidases
In the present study, we hypothesized that endotoxemia produces metalloendopeptidase (MEPD)-dependent generation of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and alters NOS expression correlating with p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation in thoracic aorta. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (350-400 g) were subjected to two groups randomly; sham-treated (N = 10) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated (N = 10) (E. coli LPS 2 mg/kg bolus + 2 mg/kg infusion for 30 min). The animals in each group were further subdivided into vehicle and MEPD inhibitor phosphoramidon (1 mg/kg bolus, PHOS)-treated groups. LPS produces a significant decrease in mean arterial pressure (MAP) at 2 h post endotoxemia that was blocked by PHOS. PHOS attenuated LPS-induced increase in tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-Î±) concentration at 2- and 24 h post-LPS administration. LPS significantly elevated plasma concentrations of ET-1 at 2- and 24 h post endotoxemia. An upregulated preproET-1 expression following both LPS and MEPD inhibition was observed in thoracic aorta at 2 h post treatment. PHOS effectively blocked conversion of preproET-1 to ET-1 in thoracic aorta locally at 24 h post treatment in endotoxic rats. PHOS inhibited LPS-induced upregulation of inducible NOS (iNOS), downregulation of endothelial NOS (eNOS) and elevation of NO byproducts (NO x) in thoracic aorta. PHOS also blocked LPS-induced upregulated p38-MAPK phosphorylation in thoracic aorta at 24 h post endotoxemia. The data revealed that LPS induces MEPD-sensitive inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) at 2- and 24 h post endotoxemia. We concluded that inhibition of MEPD not only decreases the levels of ET-1 but also simultaneously downregulates protein expression of iNOS and phosphorylated p38-MAPK while increasing eNOS in thoracic aorta during SIRS in endotoxemia. We suggest that MEPD-dependent ET-1 and NO mechanisms may be involved in endotoxemia-induced altered p38-MAPK phosphorylation. Â© 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry
Gupta, A. and Sharma, Avadhesh C., "Despite minimal hemodynamic alterations endotoxemia modulates NOS and p38-MAPK phosphorylation via metalloendopeptidases" (2004). PCOM Scholarly Papers. 947.