Upregulation of myocardial syntaxin1A is associated with an early stage of polymicrobial sepsis
This study was designed to test whether increased sympathetic stimulation during polymicrobial sepsis modulates the profile of the syntaxin1A and norepinephrine transporter (NET) in the heart. Sepsis of mild and severe intensity was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats (275-350 g) using the cecal inoculum (CI) and cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) methods, respectively. The heart samples were isolated from sham, 1, 3, and 7 day post-sepsis in the CI model and at 2 and 20 h post-sepsis in the CLP model. In the CI model, the plasma concentration of norepinephrine (NE) significantly increased at 1, 3, and 7 days post-CI compared to the sham group. The myocardial syntaxin1A mRNA and protein expression also significantly increased at 1 day post-CI compared to the sham group. However, the sepsis-induced increase in syntaxin1A returned to the baseline values at 3 and 7 days post-CI. The expressions of myocardial NET mRNA and protein were not altered at 1 day post-CI but significantly decreased at 3 days post-CI compared to the sham and 1 day post-CI groups. The immunohistochemical analyses revealed an increased localization of NET and syntaxin1A in the heart tissue sections of the 1 day post-CI group. In the CLP model of severe sepsis, the myocardial syntaxin1A mRNA protein expressions significantly increased at 2 h post-CLP, but remained unchanged at 20 h post-CLP compared to the sham group. In contrast, the myocardial expressions of NET mRNA and protein significantly decreased at both 2 and 20 h post-CLP compared to the sham group. It appears that during severe sepsis (CLP model), both the upregulation of syntaxin1A and the downregulation of NET contribute to increased concentrations of NE during the early and late stages of sepsis. Â© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2008.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry
Das, P.; Chopra, M.; and Sharma, Avadhesh C., "Upregulation of myocardial syntaxin1A is associated with an early stage of polymicrobial sepsis" (2009). PCOM Scholarly Papers. 933.