Rhodobacter capsulatus CycH: A bipartite gene product with pleiotropic effects on the biogenesis of structurally different c-type cytochromes
While searching for components of the soluble electron carrier (cytochrome c2)-independent photosynthetic (Ps) growth pathway in Rhodobacter capsulatus, a Ps- mutant (FJM13) was isolated from a Ps+ cytochrome c2 - strain. This mutant could be complemented to Ps+ growth by cycA encoding the soluble cytochrome c2 but was unable to produce several c- type cytochromes. Only cytochrome c1 of the cytochrome bc1 complex was present in FJM13 cells grown on enriched medium, while cells grown on minimal medium contained at various levels all c-type cytochromes, including the membrane-bound electron carrier cytochrome c(y). Complementation of FJM13 by a chromosomal library lacking cycA yielded a DNA fragment which also complemented a previously described Ps- mutant, MT113, known to lack all c- type cytochromes. Deletion and DNA sequence analyses revealed an open reading frame homologous to cycH, involved in cytochrome c biogenesis. The cycH gene product (CycH) is predicted to be a bipartite protein with membrane- associated amino-terminal (CycH1) and periplasmic carboxyl-terminal (CycH2) subdomains. Mutations eliminating CycH drastically decrease the production of all known c-type cytochromes. However, mutations truncating only its CycH2 subdomain always produce cytochrome c1 and affect the presence of other cytochromes to different degrees in a growth mediumdependent manner. Thus, the subdomain CycH1 is sufficient for the proper maturation of cytochrome c1, which is the only known c-type cytochrome anchored to the cytoplasmic membrane by its carboxyl terminus, while CyeH2 is required for efficient biogenesis of other c-type cytochromes. These findings demonstrate that the two subdomains of CycH play different roles in the biogenesis of topologically distinct c-type cytochromes and reconcile the apparently conflicting data previously obtained for other species.
Journal of Bacteriology
Lang, S. E.; Jenney, Francis E. Jr.; and Daldal, F., "Rhodobacter capsulatus CycH: A bipartite gene product with pleiotropic effects on the biogenesis of structurally different c-type cytochromes" (1996). PCOM Scholarly Papers. 623.