A neurotoxic phospholipase A2 variant: Isolation and characterization from eastern regional Indian cobra (Naja naja) venom
CM-Sephadex C-25 column chromatography profile of Indian cobra (Naja naja) venom from eastern region showed a distinct and a dominant phospholipase peak, peak-10, while it was not seen in either southern or western venom samples. Peak-10 was subjected to CM-Sephadex C-25 and Sephadex G-50 column chromatography to isolate NN-X-PLA2. NN-X-PLA2 is a single chain protein with the relative molecular weight of 10 kDa by SDS-PAGE. It was toxic to mice with an LD50 value 0.098 mg/kg body weight (i.p.) and the mice exhibited acute neurotoxic symptoms. Upon indirect stimulation, it inhibited the twitching of frog's gastrocnemius muscle in a dose dependent manner. NN-X-PLA2 was weakly anticoagulant and devoid of cytotoxicity, myotoxicity, hemorrhage, edema inducing, and directlytic activities and effects on platelet aggregation process. Upon chemical modification independently with p-bromophenacyl bromide and acetic anhydride, NN-X-PLA2 lost both enzymatic and toxic properties. Â© 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Shashidharamurthy, Rangaiah and Kemparaju, K., "A neurotoxic phospholipase A2 variant: Isolation and characterization from eastern regional Indian cobra (Naja naja) venom" (2006). PCOM Scholarly Papers. 551.