C-peptide exerts cardioprotective effects in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion
Ischemia followed by reperfusion in the presence of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) results in cardiac dysfunction. C-peptide, a cleavage product of proinsulin to insulin processing, induces nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilation. NO is reported to attenuate cardiac dysfunction caused by PMNs after ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). Therefore, we hypothesized that C-peptide could attenuate PMN-induced cardiac dysfunction. We examined the effects of C-peptide in isolated ischemic (20 rain) and reperfused (45 rain) rat hearts perfused with PMNs. C-peptide (70 nmol/kg iv) given 4 or 24 h before I/R significantly improved coronary flow (P < 0.05), left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) (P < 0.01), and the maximal rate of development of LVDP (+ dP/dt(max)) compared with I/R hearts obtained from rats given 0.9% NaCl (P < 0.01). N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (50 µmol/l) blocked these cardioprotective effects. In addition, C-peptide significantly reduced cardiac PMN infiltration from 183 ± 24 PMNs/mm2 in untreated hearts to 44 ± 10 and 58 ± 25 PMNs/mm2 in hearts from 4- and 24-h C-peptide-treated rats, respectively. Rat PMN adherence to rat superior mesenteric artery exposed to 2 U/ml thrombin was significantly reduced in rats given C-peptide compared with rats given 0.9% NaCl (P < 0.001). Moreover, C-peptide enhanced basal NO release from rat aortic segments. These results provide evidence that C-peptide can significantly attenuate PMN-induced cardiac contractile dysfunction in the isolated perfused rat heart subjected to I/R at least in part via enhanced NO release.
American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Young, Lindon; Ikeda, Yasuhiko; Scalia, Rosario; and Lefer, Allan M., "C-peptide exerts cardioprotective effects in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion" (2000). PCOM Scholarly Papers. 466.