PR-39, a proline/arginine-rich antimicrobial peptide, exerts cardioprotective effects in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion
Objective: PR-39, a proline/arginine-rich antimicrobial peptide, has been shown to inhibit the NADPH oxidase activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) by blocking assembly of this enzyme. We hypothesized that PR-39 could attenuate PMN-induced cardiac dysfunction by suppression of superoxide production. Methods: We examined the effects of PR-39 in isolated ischemic (20 min) and reperfused (45 min) rat hearts administered PMNs at the onset of reperfusion. Results: PR-39 (4 or 10 µg/ml) given i.v. 30 min prior to ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) significantly improved left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP, P<0.01) and the maximal rate of development of LVDP (i.e.+dP/dt max, P<0.01) compared to I-R hearts obtained from rats given 0.9% NaCl. PR-39-treated PMNs (10 µg/ml) also significantly attenuated cardiac contractile dysfunction after I-R (P<0.01). Superoxide release was significantly reduced (P<0.01) in N-formylmethionyl-leucylphenylalanine stimulated PMNs pretreated with 4 or 10µg/ml PR-39. PR-39 also significantly attenuated P-selectin expression on the rat coronary microvascular endothelium and CD18 upregulation in rat PMNs. In addition, PR-39 significantly reduced PMN vascular adherence and infiltration into the post-ischemic myocardium. Conclusion: These results provide evidence that PR-39 significantly attenuates PMN-induced cardiac contractile dysfunction in the I-R rat heart at least in part via suppression of superoxide release. This cardioprotection occurred both by inhibition of PMN and endothelial NADPH oxidase.
Ikeda, Yasuhiko; Young, Lindon; Scalia, Rosario; Ross, Christopher R.; and Lefer, Allan M., "PR-39, a proline/arginine-rich antimicrobial peptide, exerts cardioprotective effects in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion" (2001). PCOM Scholarly Papers. 458.