Pharmacokinetics of caffeic acid phenethyl ester and its catechol-ring fluorinated derivative following intravenous administration to rats

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The pharmacokinetic profiles of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) and its catechol-ring fluorinated derivative (FCAPE) were determined in rats after intravenous administration of 5, 10 or 20 mg/kg for CAPE and 20 mg/kg for FCAPE, respectively. The plasma concentrations of CAPE and FCAPE were measured using a validated liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometric method. The pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated using non compartmental analysis (NCA) and biexponential fit. The results showed that the area under the plasma concentration-time curve for CAPE treatment increased in a proportion greater than the increase in dose from 5 to 20 mg/kg of CAPE. Total body clearance values for CAPE ranged from 42.1 to 172 ml/min/kg (NCA) and decreased with the increasing dose of CAPE. Similarly, the volume of distribution values for CAPE ranged from 1555 to 5209 ml/kg, decreasing with increasing dose. The elimination half-life for CAPE ranged from 21.2 to 26.7 min and was independent of dose. That FCAPE was distributed extensively into rat tissues and eliminated rapidly was indicated by a high value of volume of distribution and similar short elimination half-life as that of CAPE.

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Biopharmaceutics & drug disposition





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This article was published in Biopharmaceutics & drug disposition, Volume 30, Issue 5, Pages 221-228.

The published version is available at [doi].

Copyright © 2009 Wiley.

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