Genetic mutations of p53 and k-ras in gastric carcinoma patients from Hunan, China
This case-control study investigated the mutations in p53 and k-ras genes of 123 gastric carcinoma patients and 129 normal individuals from Hunan, China. By isolating genomic DNA from peripheral blood and employing polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism and DNA sequencing, the mutations of p53 exons-5, 6, 7, and 8 and k-ras were detected. The overall mutation frequency of p53 was 29.3%, and mutation was found in all four exons studied. The point mutations were predominant and among them, G:Câ†’A:T was the highest (41.7%), followed by A:Tâ†’G:C (25%), G:Câ†’C:G (11.1%), G:Câ†’T:A (8.3%), and A:Tâ†’T:A (2.8%). The frameshift mutation was 11.1%. Mutations were detected in codons-131, 132, 133, 135, 149, 151, 162, 167, 173, 174, and 175 of exon 5, codons-193, 197, 213, and 215 of exon 6, codons-245, 246, 248, 249, and 270 of exon 7, and codons-271, 272, 273, and 282 of exon 8 of p53. The overall frequency of mutation in k-ras was 9.8%, mostly in codon-12 (91.7%) and in codon-13 (8.3%). There was no significant relationship between p53 and k-ras gene mutation in gastric carcinoma patients. Also, the relationships between p53 mutation and age, sex, smoking or drinking, and tumor metastasis were not significant. However, the patients with high/high-middle differentiated gastric carcinoma had a higher association with of p53 mutations. This study identified some novel p53 mutations in gastric cancer and showed mutation pattern and frequency of p53 and k-ras in the population of the central southern region of China. Â© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2010.
Chen, Hanchun; Chen, H.; Khan, Md. Asaduzzaman; Rao, Zhouzhou; Wan, Xinxing; Tan, Bo; and Zhang, Dianzheng, "Genetic mutations of p53 and k-ras in gastric carcinoma patients from Hunan, China" (2011). PCOM Scholarly Papers. 377.