The Dimeglio Olecranon Method Is Reliable in Diverse, Contemporary Patients for Predicting Future Growth.
BACKGROUND: Growth assessment, which relies on a combination of radiographic and clinical markers, is an integral part of clinical decision-making in pediatric orthopaedics. The aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy and reliability of the Diméglio skeletal age system using a modern cohort of pediatric patients.
METHODS: A retrospective review was undertaken of all patients at a large tertiary pediatric hospital who had lateral forearm radiographs (before the age of 14 y for females and before 16 y for males). In addition, all of these patients had height measurements within 60 days of their forearm x-ray and a final height listed in their medical records. The x-rays were graded by 5 reviewers according to the Diméglio skeletal age system. Inter and intraobserver reliability was tested.
RESULTS: One hundred forty-seven patients with complete radiographs and height data were evaluated by 5 observers ranging in experience from medical students to senior pediatric orthopaedic surgeons. The Diméglio system demonstrated excellent reliability across levels of training with an intraobserver correlation coefficient of 0.995 (95% CI, 0.991-0.997) and an interobserver correlation coefficient of 0.906 (95% CI, 0.857-0.943). When the Diméglio stage was paired with age and sex in a multivariable linear regression model predicting the percent of final height, the adjusted R2 was 78.7% (model P value <0.001), suggesting a strong relationship between the Diméglio stage (plus age and sex) and percent of final height.
CONCLUSION: This unique approach to maturity assessment demonstrates that the Diméglio staging system can be used effectively in a modern, diverse patient population.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II; retrospective cohort study.
Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
O'Marr, Jamieson M; Amick, Michael; Yu, Kristin E; Cui, Jonathan; Hurley, Margaret; Ruzgar, Nensi; Greene, Janelle D; and Cooperman, Daniel R, "The Dimeglio Olecranon Method Is Reliable in Diverse, Contemporary Patients for Predicting Future Growth." (2023). PCOM Scholarly Papers. 2184.
This article was published in Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics, Volume 43, Issue 3, pages e249-e253.
The published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1097/bpo.0000000000002328.
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