A carboxy-terminal peptide of the Î±1-subunit of the dihydropyridine receptor inhibits Ca2+-release channels
Excitation-contraction coupling in skeletal muscle is thought to involve a physical interaction between the Î±1-subunit of the dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR) and the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-release channel (also known as the ryanodine receptor). Considerable evidence has accumulated to suggest that the cytoplasmic loop between domains II and III of the DHPR Î±1-subunit is at least partially responsible for this interaction. Other parts of this subunit or other subunits may, however, contribute to the functional and/or structural coupling between these two proteins. A synthetic peptide corresponding to a conserved sequence located between amino acids 1487 and 1506 in the carboxy terminus of the Î±1-subunit inhibits both [3H]ryanodine binding to skeletal and cardiac SR membranes and the activity of skeletal SR Ca2+-release channels reconstituted into planar lipid bilayers. A second, multiantigenic peptide synthesized to correspond to the same sequence inhibits both binding and channel activity at lower concentrations than the linear peptide. These peptides slow the rate at which [3H]ryanodine binds to its high-affinity binding site and decrease the rate at which [3H]ryanodine dissociates from this site. A third polypeptide synthesized in Escherichia coli and corresponding to amino acids 1381-1627 and encompassing the above sequence has similar effects. This portion of the Î±1-subunit of the transverse tubule DHPR is therefore a candidate for contributing to the interaction of this protein with the Ca2+-release channel.
American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Slavik, Kenneth J.; Wang, J. P.; Aghdasi, B.; Zhang, J. Z.; Mandel, F.; Malouf, N.; and Hamilton, S. L., "A carboxy-terminal peptide of the Î±1-subunit of the dihydropyridine receptor inhibits Ca2+-release channels" (1997). PCOM Scholarly Papers. 1539.