Vascular Mechanics in Decellularized Aortas and Coronary Resistance Microvessels in Type 2 Diabetic db/db Mice
We previously reported differences in stiffness between macro- and micro-vessels in type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The aim of this study was to define the mechanical properties of the ECM independent of vascular cells in coronary resistance micro-vessels (CRMs) and macro-vessels (aorta) in control Db/db and T2DM db/db mice. Passive vascular remodeling and mechanics were measured in both intact and decellularized CRMs and aortas from 0 to 125 mmHg. We observed no differences in intact control and diabetic aortic diameters, wall thicknesses, or stiffnesses (p > 0.05). Aortic decellularization caused a significant increase in internal and external diameters and incremental modulus over a range of pressures that occurred to a similar degree in T2DM. Differences in aortic diameters due to decellularization occurred at lower pressures (0â€“75 mmHg) and converged with intact aortas at higher, physiological pressures (100â€“125 mmHg). In contrast, CRM decellularization caused increased internal diameter and incremental modulus only in the db/db mice, but unlike the aorta, the intact and decellularized CRM curves were more parallel. These data suggest that (1) micro-vessels may be more sensitive to early adverse consequences of diabetes than macro-vessels and (2) the ECM is a structural limit in aortas, but not CRMs. Â© 2015 Biomedical Engineering Society
Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Anghelescu, Mircea; Tonniges, J.; Calomeni, E.; Shamhart, P. E.; Agarwal, G.; Gooch, K. J.; and Trask, A. J., "Vascular Mechanics in Decellularized Aortas and Coronary Resistance Microvessels in Type 2 Diabetic db/db Mice" (2015). PCOM Scholarly Papers. 1521.