Rest-exercise radionuclide angiographic assessment of left ventricular function in chronic aortic regurgitation: Significance of serial studies in medically versus surgically treated groups
Forty consecutive asymptomatic patients with chronic aortic regurgitation who underwent three serial yearly rest and postexercise radionuclide angiograms were compared with 27 consecutive patients with chronic aortic regurgitation and aortic valve replacement who were studied preoperatively, 3 and 15 months postoperatively. Patients were divided into four subgroups based upon the resting left ventricular ejection fraction and the functional reserve on the initial study. Of the 40 medically treated patients, 19 (47.5%) and 24 (60%) demonstrated a response at least one type lower at 12 months and 24 months, respectively. Initial functional reserve, initial duration of exercise, and the change in exercise duration during the 24 months was not associated with changes in resting or postexercise left ventricular ejection fraction. A seesaw pattern was observed between the resting and the postexercise left ventricular ejection fraction as ventricular function deteriorated. We observed in the surgical groups a reversal of the seesaw interaction between the resting and postexercise ejection fraction seen in the medical patients. In the surgical groups the left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, initial functional reserve, initial duration of exercise, and change in exercise duration postoperatively were not predictors of improvement in left ventricular function at 15 months. Comparing medical and surgical serial data, we suggest yearly radionuclide angiographic determination of rest left ventricular ejection fraction in asymptomatic patients with chronic aortic regurgitation. When the rest ejection fraction is <50%, exercise angiography should be performed to determine functional reserve. When functional reserve is also abnormal, surgery should be recommended.
Lumia, F. J.; MacMillan, R. M.; Germon, P. A.; Kornberg, Bruce; Fernandez, J.; and Maranhao, V., "Rest-exercise radionuclide angiographic assessment of left ventricular function in chronic aortic regurgitation: Significance of serial studies in medically versus surgically treated groups" (1985). PCOM Scholarly Papers. 1419.