Relaxation from rigor of skinned trabeculae of the guinea pig induced by laser photolysis of caged ATP
The kinetics of ATP-induced rigor cross-bridge detachment were studied by initiating relaxation in chemically skinned trabeculae of the guinea pig heart using photolytic release of ATP in the absence of calcium ions (pCa > 8). The time course of the fall in tension exhibited either an initial plateau phase of variable duration with little change in tension or a rise in tension, followed by a decrease to relaxed levels. The in-phase component of tissue stiffness initially decreased. The rate then slowed near the end of the tension plateau, indicating transient cross-bridge rebinding, before falling to relaxed levels. Estimates of the apparent second-order rate constant for ATP-induced detachment of rigor cross-bridges based on the half- time for relaxation or on the half-time to the convergence of tension records to a common time course were similar at 3 x 103 M-1 s-1. Because the characteristics of the mechanical transients observed during relaxation from rigor were markedly similar to those reported from studies of rabbit psoas fibers in the presence of MgADP (Dantzig, J. A., M. G. Hibberd, D. R. Trentham, and Y. E. Goldman, 1991. Cross-bridge kinetics in the presence of MgADP investigated by photolysis of caged ATP in rabbit psoas muscle fibres. J. Physiol. 432:639-680), direct measurements of MgADP using [3H]ATP in cardiac tissue in rigor were made. Results indicated that during rigor, nearly 18% of the cross-bridges in skinned trabeculae had [3H]MgADP bound. Incubation of the tissue during rigor with apyrase, an enzyme with both ADPase and ATPase activity, reduced the level of [3H]MgADP to that measured following a 2-min chase in a solution containing 5 mM unlabeled MgATP. Apyrase incubation also significantly reduced the tension and stiffness transients, so that both time courses became monotonic and could be fit with a simple model for cross-bridge detachment. The apparent second-order rate constant for ATP-induced rigor cross-bridge detachment measured in the apyrase treated tissue at 4 x 104 M-1 s-1 was faster than that measured in untreated tissue. Nevertheless, this rate was still over an order of magnitude slower than the analogous rate measured in previous studies of isolated cardiac actomyosin-S1. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that the presence of MgADP bound cross-bridges suppresses the inhibition normally imposed by the thin filament regulatory system in the absence of calcium ions and allows cross-bridge rebinding and force production during relaxation from rigor.
Martin, H. and Barsotti, Robert J., "Relaxation from rigor of skinned trabeculae of the guinea pig induced by laser photolysis of caged ATP" (1994). PCOM Scholarly Papers. 1257.