Coordinated post-transcriptional regulation of Hsp70.3 gene expression by microRNA and alternative polyadenylation
This article was published in Journal of Biological Chemistry, Volume 286, Issue 34, Pages 29828-29837.The published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M111.221796.
Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is well documented to possess general cytoprotective properties in protecting the cell against stressful and noxious stimuli. We have recently shown that expression of the stress-inducible Hsp70.3 gene in the myocardium in response to ischemic preconditioning is NF-kB-dependent and necessary for the resulting late phase cardioprotection against a subsequent ischemia/reperfusion injury. Here we show that the Hsp70.3 gene product is subject to post-transcriptional regulation through parallel regulatory processes involving microRNAs and alternative polyadenylation of the mRNA transcript. First, we show that cardiac ischemic preconditioning of the in vivo mouse heart results in decreased levels of two Hsp70.3-targeting microRNAs: miR-378*and miR-711. Furthermore, an ischemic or heat shock stimulus induces alternative polyadenylation of the expressed Hsp70.3 transcript that results in the accumulation of transcripts with a shortened 3`-UTR. This shortening of the 3`-UTR results in the loss of the binding site for the suppressive miR-378*and thus renders the alternatively polyadenylated transcript insusceptible to miR- 378*-mediated suppression. Results also suggest that the alternative polyadenylation-mediated shortening of the Hsp70.3 3`-UTR relieves translational suppression observed in the long 3`-UTR variant, allowing for a more robust increase in protein expression. These results demonstrate alternative polyadenylation of Hsp70.3 in parallel with ischemic or heat shock-induced up-regulation of mRNA levels and implicate the importance of this process in post-transcriptional control of Hsp70.3 expression. Â© 2011 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.