Development of acetaminophen proline prodrug

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In this research work, proline ester prodrug of acetaminophen (Pro-APAP) was synthesized and evaluated for its stability in PBS buffer at various pH and Caco-2 cell homogenate. The Pro-APAP is more stable at lower pH than higher pH, with half-life of 120 min in PBS buffer at pH 2.0, half-life of 65 min at pH 5.0, and half life of 3.5 min at pH 7.4, respectively. The half-life of Pro-APAP in Caco-2 cell homogenate is about 1 min, much shorter than the half-life in PBS buffer at pH 7.4, indicating enzymes in the cell homogenate contribute to the hydrolysis of the ester bond. Carboxypeptidase A was incubated with Pro-APAP at pH 7.4 with half-life of 3.8 min which is very close to the half life in buffer itself. This clearly indicates carboxypeptidase A is not one of the enzymes contributing to the hydrolysis of the prodrug. Physicochemical characteristics such as melting point and stability of newly synthesized prodrug were determined by MDSC technique.

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Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters





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This article was published in Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters, Volume 20, Issue 13, Pages 3851-3854.

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Copyright © 2010 Elsevier.

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