Date of Submission


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)



Department Chair

Robert A DiTomasso, PhD, ABPP


The relationship between health behaviors and related biological, psychological, and social variables among patients diagnosed with hypertension was investigated utilizing the biopsychosocial model. Two-hundred and fifty six participants from were administered a demographic form, the Health Adherence Behavior Inventory (HABIT), the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), the Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R), and the Brief Sensation Seeking Scale (BSSS-8). The data was analyzed for two separate and independent samples based on gender. Results indicated that the self-efficacy predicted male health behaviors while optimism predicted female health behaviors. In addition, men scored higher on self-reported sensation seeking behaviors than women, as predicted. Limitations of this research and directions for further research are discussed. These findings may have indications for primary care physicians, as they may better understand factors related to patient adherence.

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