Date of Submission


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)



Department Chair

Robert A. DiThomaso, PhD, ABPP

First Advisor

Barbara Golden, PsyD, ABPP, Chairperson

Second Advisor

Robert A DiTomasso, PhD, ABPP

Third Advisor

Ronald S Kaiser, PhD, ABPP


The purpose of the present study is to identify psychological factors that predict a longer length of stay (LOS) and minimal improvement in a headache inpatient unit. Research shows that some psychological factors associated with headache disorders, such as anxiety, depression, and maladaptive coping skills, can complicate the disorder. The present study theorized that psychological factors that complicate the headache disorder would predict a longer LOS and minimal improvement. The present study used a quasiexperimental, prospective, cross-sectional survey research design, with multiple regression analyses. There was a total of 51 completed protocols. Of those completed protocols, 78% of participants were age 35 years and older. Of consenting participants, 82% were Caucasian women. Results indicated that the hypothesized model to predict LOS and minimal improvement was not significant. Paired-samples t-test analyses indicated that there were significant reductions of BPI-SF interference and severity scores after inpatient treatment, presenting a basis for further research involving comparison groups.