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To provide an updated analysis of the sports medicine section of the Orthopedic In-Training Examination (OITE).


A cross-sectional review of OITE sports medicine questions from 2009 to 2012 and 2017-2020 was performed. Subtopics, taxonomy, references, and use of imaging modalities were recorded and changes between the time periods were analyzed.


The most tested sports medicine subtopics included ACL (12.6%), rotator cuff (10.5%), and throwing injuries to the shoulder (7.4%) in the early subset, while ACL (10%), rotator cuff (6.25%), shoulder instability (6.25%), and throwing injuries to the elbow (6.25%) were the most common in the later subset. The American Journal of Sports Medicine (28.3%) was the most cited journal referenced from 2009 to 2012, while The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (17.5%) was most referenced in questions from 2017 to 2020. The number of references per question increased from the early to the late subset (P < .001). There was a trend toward an increased taxonomy type one questions (P = .114), while type 2 questions had a decreased trend (P = .263) when comparing the new subset to the early group.


When comparing sports medicine OITE questions from 2009 to 2012 and 2017 to 2020, there was an increase in the number of references per question. Subtopics, taxonomy, lag time, and use of imaging modalities did not show statistically significant changes.

Clinical Relevance

This study provides a detailed analysis of the sports medicine section of the OITE, which can be used by residents and program directors to direct their preparation for the annual examination. The results of this study may help examining boards align their examinations and provide a benchmark for future studies.


This article was published in Arthroscopy, Sports Medicine, and Rehabilitation, Volume 5, Issue 2, pages e479-e488.

The published version is available at

Copyright © 2022 The Authors. CC BY-NC-ND.

Publication Title

Arthroscopy, Sports Medicine, and Rehabilitation

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