Patients With Preoperative Cervical Deformity Experience Similar Clinical Outcomes to Those Without Deformity Following 1-3 Level Anterior Cervical Decompression and Fusion

Document Type


Publication Date



STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to compare the outcomes of patients with incompletely corrected cervical deformity against those without deformity following short-segment anterior cervical decompression and fusion for clinically significant radiculopathy or myelopathy.

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cervical deformity has increasingly been recognized as a driver of disability and has been linked to worse patient-reported outcomes measures (PROMs) after surgery.

METHODS: Patients 18 years or above who underwent 1-3 level anterior cervical decompression and fusion to address radiculopathy and/or myelopathy at a single institution between 2014 and 2018 with at least 1 year of PROMs were reviewed. Patients were categorized based on cervical deformity into 2 groups: sagittal vertebral axis (cSVA) ≥40 mm as the deformity group, and cSVAdemographics, surgical parameters, preoperative and postoperative radiographs, and minimum 1-year PROMs were compared.

RESULTS: Of the 230 patients, 191 (83%) were in the nondeformity group and 39 (17%) in the deformity group. Patients with deformity were more likely to be male (69.2% vs. 40.3%, P

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with preoperative cervical sagittal deformity experienced relatively greater improvements in NDI and MCS-12 scores than those without preoperative deformity. These results suggest that complete correction of sagittal alignment is not required for patients to achieve significant clinical improvement.



This article was published in Clinical Spine Surgery.

The published version is available at

Copyright © 2021 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc..

Publication Title

Clinical Spine Surgery

PubMed ID


This document is currently not available here.