Robotic-assisted total knee arthroplasty (RA-TKA) has shown improved reproducibility and precision in mechanical alignment restoration, with improvement in early functional outcomes and 90-day episode of care cost savings compared to conventional TKA in some studies. However, its value is still to be determined.Current studies of RA-TKA systems are limited by short-term follow-up and significant heterogeneity of the available systems.In today's paradigm shift towards an increased emphasis on quality of care while curtailing costs, providing value-based care is the primary goal for healthcare systems and clinicians. As robotic technology continues to develop, longer-term studies evaluating implant survivorship and complications will determine whether the initial capital is offset by improved outcomes.Future studies will have to determine the value of RA-TKA based on longer-term survivorships, patient-reported outcome measures, functional outcomes, and patient satisfaction measures.
EFORT Open Reviews
Siddiqi, Ahmed; Horan, Timothy; Molloy, Robert M; Bloomfield, Michael R; Patel, Preetesh D; and Piuzzi, Nicolas S, "A clinical review of robotic navigation in total knee arthroplasty: historical systems to modern design." (2021). Orthopedic Surgery Resident Research. 50.