Progressive Scalp Thinning Over Mesh Cranioplasty and the Role of Lipotransfer
To evaluate the role of lipotransfer in progressive scalp thinning following titanium mesh cranioplasty.
Retrospective review of single surgeon, single tertiary referral experience of all patients who underwent mesh cranioplasty. Patient demographics, prior radiotherapy, frequency and timing of scalp thinning, and treatment course data were obtained.
A total of 144 patients were included, 77 male and 67 female with mean ages 58.2 and 54.8, respectively. One hundred four patients (72%) developed mesh exposure or impending exposure requiring reconstruction. Fifty-six patients (54%) with scalp thinning were treated with lipotransfer, 40 of which were salvaged and the remainder of these patients definitively managed with cranioplasty and reconstruction. Prior radiotherapy was found to be associated with higher rates of mesh exposure (P = .0028), but not predictive of response to lipotransfer.
Lipotransfer is a useful technique in managing moderate scalp thinning following mesh cranioplasty. Mesh exposure or severe thinning require definitive cranioplasty and reconstruction.
Wang, Weitao; Vincent, Aurora; Bahrami, Arash; Shokri, Tom; Inman, Jared; and Ducic, Yadranko, "Progressive Scalp Thinning Over Mesh Cranioplasty and the Role of Lipotransfer" (2019). Otolaryngology (ENT) Resident Research. 48.