Identifying Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Prior to Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy: Who Is at Risk for Intolerance?
Purpose Determine whether specific risk factors, symptoms and clinical examination findings are associated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) intolerance and subsequent tympanotomy tube placement.
Materials and methods A retrospective case series with chart review was conducted from 2007 to 2016 of patients undergoing HBOT clearance at a tertiary care university hospital in an urban city. Eighty-one (n = 81) patient charts were reviewed for risk factors, symptoms and clinical examination findings related to HBOT eustachian tube dysfunction and middle ear barotrauma. Relative risk was calculated for each variable to determine risk for HBOT intolerance and need for tympanotomy tube placement. Risk factor, symptom, physical examination and HBOT complication-susceptibility scores were calculated for each patient.
Results Mean risk factor, clinical and HBOT complication-susceptibility scores were significantly higher in patients who did not tolerate HBOT compared to patients who tolerated HBOT. Patients reporting a history of otitis media, tinnitus, and prior ear surgery were at a higher risk for HBOT intolerance. Patients reporting a history of pressure intolerance and prior ear surgery were more likely to undergo tympanotomy tube placement. Patients noted to have otologic findings prior to HBOT were at a higher risk for both HBOT intolerance and tympanotomy tube placement.
Conclusions A thorough otolaryngological evaluation can potentially predict and identify patients at risk for HBOT intolerance and tympanotomy tube placement.
Cohn, Jason E.; Pfeiffer, Michael; Patel, Niki; Sataloff, Robert T.; and McKinnon, Brian J., "Identifying Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Prior to Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy: Who Is at Risk for Intolerance?" (2018). Otolaryngology (ENT) Resident Research. 10.