Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

First Advisor

Lindon Young, PhD

Second Advisor

Robert Barsotti, PhD

Third Advisor

Ruth Borghaei, PhD

Fourth Advisor

Marcus G Bell, PhD


Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated during myocardial I/R contribute to post-reperfused cardiac contractile dysfunction. Damaged cardiomyocyte mitochondria are major sites of excess ROS generation during reperfusion. We hypothesized that reducing mitochondrial ROS formation should attenuate myocardial I/R injury and thereby improve function of isolated perfused rat hearts subjected to I(30min)/R(45min) compared to untreated I/R hearts. Mitoquinone (MitoQ, MW=579g/mol; complexed with cyclodextrin (MW=1135g/mol) to improve water solubility, total MW=1714g/mol), a coenzyme Q derivative, and SS-31 (Szeto-Schiller) peptide ((D-Arg)-Dmt-Lys-Phe-Amide, MW=639g/mol, Genemed Synthesis, Inc., San Antonio, TX), an alternating cationic-aromatic peptide, are selective mitochondrial ROS inhibitors which significantly improved post-reperfused cardiac function compared to untreated I/R controls in this study (p