Further Studies of the Secretory Process in Hypothalamo neurohypophysial Neurons. An Analysis Using Immunochemistry, Wheat Germ Agglutinin-Peroxidase and Native Peroxidase

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The axonal endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and synaptic-like (micro)vesicles within axon terminals of the neurohypophysis and their contribution to the secretory process in hypothalamo-neurohypophysial neurons have been investigated cytochemically in normal mice and in mice given 2% salt water to drink for stimulation of hormone synthesis in and release from these neurons. Cytochemical techniques included the peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) immunocytochemical method for localization of neurophysin, wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) as a tracer for the anterograde axonal transport of membrane from within the perikaryon, and blood-borne native horseradish peroxidase (HRP) as a tracer for internalized axon terminal membrane. The primary antiserum employed was directed against neurophysins I and II, the carrier proteins for the peptide hormones oxytocin and vasopressin, respectively. PAP reaction product was observed over neurosecretory granules but never over the endoplasmic reticulum, microvesicles or other organelles in axons and terminals of the neurohypophysis WGA-HRP was delivered extracellularly to cell bodies of paraventricular neurons by cerebral ventriculocisternal perfusion. Internalized perikaryal surface membrane tagged with WGA-HRP was recycled through the innermost Golgi saccule (GERL) from which neurosecretory granules were formed. The anterograde axonal transport of membrane-bound WGA-HRP was manifested within the neurosecretory granules; WGA-HRP did not label the axonal reticulum or terminal microvesicles in the neurohypophysis. Blood-borne native HRP endocytosed into neurohypophysial terminals was associated with a plethora of microvesicles measuring 40–70 nm in diameter and vacuoles similar in size to the 100–300-nm-wide neurosecretory granules. The microvesicles contributed to the formation of numerous vacuoles. The internalization of axon terminal membrane as microvesicles incorporating HRP was quantitatively greater than vacuoles in both salt-stressed and control mice. The results suggest that in the hypothalamo-neurohypophysial system of the mouse the axonal ER and terminal microvesicles are not involved in the transport, storage, and exocytosis of neurosecretory material and perhaps other molecules processed through the innermost Golgi saccule. Nevertheless, a prominent population of the microvesicles within axon terminals of the neurohypophysis does participate in the secretory process. These vesicles are involved directly in the internalization of the terminal surface membrane subsequent to release of secretory granule content. The recapture of neurohypophysial terminal membrane in toto may be represented as endocytic structures ranging in size from 40 through 300 nm in diameter.

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The Journal of Comparative Neurology





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The published version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cne.902280203

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