Genetic Mutations of p53 and k-ras in Gastric Carcinoma Patients from Hunan, China
This article was published in Tumor Biology, Volume 32, Issue 2, April 2011, Pages 367-373.
The published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13277-010-0129-2
Copyright © 2011 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM)
This case-control study investigated the mutations in p53 and k-ras genes of 123 gastric carcinoma patients and 129 normal individuals from Hunan, China. By isolating genomic DNA from peripheral blood and employing polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism and DNA sequencing, the mutations of p53 exons-5, 6, 7, and 8 and k-ras were detected. The overall mutation frequency of p53 was 29.3%, and mutation was found in all four exons studied. The point mutations were predominant and among them, G:C→A:T was the highest (41.7%), followed by A:T→G:C (25%), G:C→C:G (11.1%), G:C→T:A (8.3%), and A:T→T:A (2.8%). The frameshift mutation was 11.1%. Mutations were detected in codons-131, 132, 133, 135, 149, 151, 162, 167, 173, 174, and 175 of exon 5, codons-193, 197, 213, and 215 of exon 6, codons-245, 246, 248, 249, and 270 of exon 7, and codons-271, 272, 273, and 282 of exon 8 of p53. The overall frequency of mutation in k-ras was 9.8%, mostly in codon-12 (91.7%) and in codon-13 (8.3%). There was no significant relationship between p53 and k-ras gene mutation in gastric carcinoma patients. Also, the relationships between p53 mutation and age, sex, smoking or drinking, and tumor metastasis were not significant. However, the patients with high/high-middle differentiated gastric carcinoma had a higher association with of p53 mutations. This study identified some novel p53 mutations in gastric cancer and showed mutation pattern and frequency of p53 and k-ras in the population of the central southern region of China.