The Role of Micronutrients in the Response to Ambient Air Pollutants: Potential Mechanisms and Suggestions for Research Design
People living in regions of low socioeconomic status are thought to be prone to higher exposures to environmental pollutants, poor nutrition, and numerous preventable diseases and infections. Poverty correlates with pollution and malnutrition; however, limited studies examined their interrelationship. The well-studied, deleterious health effects attributed to environmental pollutants and poor nutrition may act in combination with produce more severe adverse health outcomes than any one factor alone. Deficiencies in specific nutrients render the body more susceptible to injury which may influence the pathways that serve as the mechanistic responses to ambient air pollutants. This review (1) explores specific micronutrients that are of global concern, (2) explains how these nutrients may impact the body's response to ambient air pollution, and (3) provides guidance on designing animal models of nutritional deficiency. It is likely that those individuals who reside in regions of high ambient air pollution are similarly malnourished. Therefore, it is important that research identifies specific nutrients of concern and their impact in identified regions of high ambient air pollution.
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
Miller, Colette N and Rayalam, Srujana, "The Role of Micronutrients in the Response to Ambient Air Pollutants: Potential Mechanisms and Suggestions for Research Design" (2017). PCOM Scholarly Papers. 1773.