Localization of the high and low affinity [3H]ryanodine binding sites on the skeletal muscle Ca2+ release channel

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The Ca2+ release channel of skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum is modulated in a biphasic manner by the plant alkaloid ryanodine and there are two distinct binding sites on this channel for ryanodine. The Ca2+ release channel is a homotetramer with a subunit of 5037 amino acids. The ability of sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes to bind [3H]ryanodine to the high affinity site is lost upon proteolysis with trypsin. [3H]Ryanodine, however, bound before proteolysis remains bound after trypsin digestion. If the high affinity site is first occupied with [3H]ryanodine and then 100 μM ryanodine is added to occupy the low affinity sites, almost all of [3H]ryanodine bound to the high affinity site remains bound after proteolysis. Proteolysis causes the solubilized Ca2+ release channel containing bound [3H]ryanodine to undergo four discrete shifts in sedimentation (30 S → 28 S → 26 S → 19 S → 14 S). Polypeptides having apparent molecular masses of 76, 66, 56, 45, 37, and 27 kDa can be identified in the 14 S complex. The 76-, 56-, 45-, and 27-kDa polypeptides have been partially sequenced from the NH2 terminus. In addition, the 76-, 66-, and 27-kDa fragments are recognized by an antibody to the last 9 amino acids at the carboxyl terminus of the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor and the 76-, 66-, and 37-kDa fragments are recognized by an antibody to a peptide matching the sequence 4670-4685. The 56-kDa and the 45-kDa fragments are not Ca2+ release channel fragments. Both high and low affinity ryanodine binding sites are found in the 14 S complex and are, therefore, most likely located between Arg-4475 and the carboxyl terminus.

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Journal of Biological Chemistry





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This article was published in Journal of Biological Chemistry, Volume 269, Issue 22, Pages 15876-15884.

The published version is available at http://www.jbc.org/.

Copyright © 1994.

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