Localization of the high and low affinity [3H]ryanodine binding sites on the skeletal muscle Ca2+ release channel
The Ca2+ release channel of skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum is modulated in a biphasic manner by the plant alkaloid ryanodine and there are two distinct binding sites on this channel for ryanodine. The Ca2+ release channel is a homotetramer with a subunit of 5037 amino acids. The ability of sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes to bind [3H]ryanodine to the high affinity site is lost upon proteolysis with trypsin. [3H]Ryanodine, however, bound before proteolysis remains bound after trypsin digestion. If the high affinity site is first occupied with [3H]ryanodine and then 100 Î¼M ryanodine is added to occupy the low affinity sites, almost all of [3H]ryanodine bound to the high affinity site remains bound after proteolysis. Proteolysis causes the solubilized Ca2+ release channel containing bound [3H]ryanodine to undergo four discrete shifts in sedimentation (30 S â†’ 28 S â†’ 26 S â†’ 19 S â†’ 14 S). Polypeptides having apparent molecular masses of 76, 66, 56, 45, 37, and 27 kDa can be identified in the 14 S complex. The 76-, 56-, 45-, and 27-kDa polypeptides have been partially sequenced from the NH2 terminus. In addition, the 76-, 66-, and 27-kDa fragments are recognized by an antibody to the last 9 amino acids at the carboxyl terminus of the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor and the 76-, 66-, and 37-kDa fragments are recognized by an antibody to a peptide matching the sequence 4670-4685. The 56-kDa and the 45-kDa fragments are not Ca2+ release channel fragments. Both high and low affinity ryanodine binding sites are found in the 14 S complex and are, therefore, most likely located between Arg-4475 and the carboxyl terminus.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Callaway, C.; Seryshev, A.; Wang, J. P.; Slavik, Kenneth J.; Cantu, C. III; Wu, Y.; Jayaraman, T.; Marks, A. R.; and Hamilton, S. L., "Localization of the high and low affinity [3H]ryanodine binding sites on the skeletal muscle Ca2+ release channel" (1994). PCOM Scholarly Papers. 1533.