Differential effects of LSD serotonin and l-tryptophan on visually evoked responses
Alterations in photically-evoked cortical responses were assessed in immobilized artificially respired cats following intraraphe microinjections of LSD and serotonin (5-HT) and IV administration of LSD and l-tryptophan. Both systemic (10-100 Î¼g/kg; N = 5) and intraraphe (0.25 Î¼g; N = 10) LSD significantly increased the amplitudes of the three primary components of the visual evoked response (VER). In contrast, the same VER components were significantly depressed following intraraphe 5-HT (30 gmg; N = 4) and IV l-trytophan (100 mg/kg; N = 6), a serotonin precursor that elevates the 5-HT levels. Intraraphe cinanserin (180 Î¼g; 30 minute pretreatment) completely reversed LSD-induced enhancements in all three components (p<0.01). Depressions of VER following intraraphe 5-HT (30 Î¼g) were also antagonized by cinanserin, although to a lesser degree (p<0.05 for the first 2 components only) than with LSD. The depressive effects of l-trytophan (100 mg/kg) were unaffected by cinanserin. Modification of raphe neuronal activity can significantly alter photically evoked responses, and may explain the perceptual disturbances associated with LSD, i.e., depression of an area (raphe) normally inhibiting forebrain areas of the visual system. Â© 1982.
Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
Strahlendorf, J. R.; Goldstein, Frederick J.; Rossi, G. V.; and Malseed, R. T., "Differential effects of LSD serotonin and l-tryptophan on visually evoked responses" (1982). PCOM Scholarly Papers. 1338.