Angiotensin II regulation of intracellular calcium in astroglia cultured from rat hypothalamus and brainstem.
This study examines the angiotensin II (Ang II) regulation of intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in astroglia cultured from the hypothalamus and brainstem of the adult rat. Bath perfusion or rapid puffer application of angiotensin II (Ang II) (1-100 nM) increased [Ca2+]i in both polygonal and stellate astroglia when measured using fura-2 imaging fluorescence microscopy. Ang II increased [Ca2+]i in 96.1 and 95.6% of the polygonal and stellate glial cells, respectively. In normal Tyrode's solution (containing 2 mM CaCl2), the Ang II-stimulated increase in [Ca2+]i characteristically showed a biphasic response, i.e., an initial rapid transient peak followed by a sustained, steady-state plateau of free Ca2+. In both cell types, the selective Ang II type 1 receptor subtype (AT1) antagonist losartan (1 microM) inhibited the Ang II-stimulated increase in [Ca2+]i. The selective AT2 antagonist PD 123319 (1 microM) did not inhibit the Ang II-stimulated increase in [Ca2+]i in either cell type. To define the sources of Ca2+ that participate in the Ang II-stimulated increase in [Ca2+]i in astroglia, experiments were performed in a nominally Ca(2+)-free Tyrode's solution. In either cell type, this resulted in only an initial transient increase of Ca2+ and no sustained plateau of Ca2+ when challenged with Ang II. Thapsigargin (5 microM), cyclopiazonic acid (10 microM), and ryanodine (10 microM), but not caffeine (1-10 mM), inhibited the initial rise in [Ca2+]i. The plateau increase of [Ca2+]i caused by Ang II (100 nM) was reversibly inhibited by both cadmium (100 microM) and nifedipine (10 microM); in contrast, gadolinium (100 microM) had no effect on the plateau increase of [Ca2+]i. These results indicate that Ang II, in physiological concentrations, can activate AT1 receptors to stimulate both Ca2+ release from intracellular stores and Ca2+ influx from the extracellular space to increase [Ca2+]i of polygonal and stellate astroglia.
Journal of neurochemistry
Wang, Desuo; Martens, Jeffrey R.; Posner, Philip; Sumners, Colin; and Gelband, Craig H., "Angiotensin II regulation of intracellular calcium in astroglia cultured from rat hypothalamus and brainstem." (1996). PCOM Scholarly Papers. 1149.