Date of Submission


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)



Department Chair

Robert A DiTomasso, PhD, ABPP


The purpose of the current study is to examine the relationship between athletic identity, social problem-solving ability, cognitive distortions, depression, and locus of control in predicting adherence to medical advice after athletes have been instructed to stop participating in sports for a cardiac condition. The measures included the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS), the Social Problem-Solving Inventory, Revised, Short Form (SPSI-R:S), the Inventory of Cognitive Distortions (ICD), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control scale, Form C (MHLC-C), an adherence measure, and demographic questionnaire. Results revealed significant findings. The internal locus of control, social problem-solving ability, and cognitive distortions predicted a significant amount of the variance, with a large effect (F(3,16) = 9.20, p = .001). The adjusted R squared is .56 meaning that 56% of the variance in adherence can be predicted from the Internal LOC, ICD total score, and SPSIR: S total scores. Future research should include a larger sample size to ensure the findings are representative of the larger population.

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Psychology Commons