Date of Award
Selective Evidence-Based Medicine Review
Master of Science in Health Sciences - Physician Assistant
Physician Assistant Studies
Laura Levy, DHSc, PA-C
The objective of this selective evidence based medicine (EBM) review is to determine whether or not music therapy is effective at treating pain in fibromyalgia patients.
STUDY DESIGN: This is a systematic review of three primary studies that were peer-reviewed published between the years of 2013-2016.
DATA SOURCES: Two randomized control trials and one cross-control study evaluating if music therapy is affective at treating pain in fibromyalgia patients. Data sources obtained for this review were found using PubMed Database.
OUTCOMES MEASURED: The outcome measured was the effectiveness of music therapy at reducing pain in fibromyalgia patients. Outcomes were measured via the verbal rating scale and visual analog scale.
RESULTS: The studies by Alparslan et al and Onieva-Zafra et al found that music therapy was effective at reducing pain in fibromyalgia patients when compared to a control group that underwent no intervention.7,8 In the study by Garza-Villarreal et al patients experienced a reduction in pain following music therapy as opposed to the control group listening to white noise who did not experience a reduction in pain.1 Statistical significance (p<0.05) was found in the reduction of pain in the intervention group for all three studies.1,7,8
CONCLUSIONS: All studies evaluated in this EBM review showed that music therapy can be effective at treating pain in fibromyalgia studies.
Vicznesky, Amanda M., "Is Music Therapy Effective At Reducing Pain In Fibromyalgia Patients?" (2019). PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship. 437.