Date of Award


Degree Type

Selective Evidence-Based Medicine Review

Degree Name

Master of Science in Health Sciences - Physician Assistant


Physician Assistant Studies

Department Chair

John Cavenagh, MBA, PhD, PA-C


OBJECTIVE: The objective of this selective systematic review is to determine whether or not “Does using music therapy improve levels of perceived dyspnea in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?”

STUDY DESIGN: Review of three studies published in English between 2003 to 2009. Studies included two randomized controlled trials and one controlled crossover design trial.

DATA SOURCES: Three trials analyzing the utilization of music therapy and the effects on dyspnea in COPD were found via PubMed.

OUTCOME(S) MEASURED: The outcome measured was level of perceived dyspnea via Visual Analogue Dyspnea Scales (VADS), Basal Dyspnea Index, and Modified Borg Scale.

RESULTS: Two studies concluded no statistically significant data. The study conducted on the comparison of the use of listening to music versus listening to progressive muscle relaxation techniques showed a statistically significant reduction in dyspnea in the music group.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of this systematic review were inconclusive on whether music therapy is effective in reducing levels of perceived dyspnea. Further studies should be conducted on listening to music during relaxation.

Included in

Pulmonology Commons