Date of Award
Selective Evidence-Based Medicine Review
Master of Science in Health Sciences - Physician Assistant
Physician Assistant Studies
John Cavenagh, MBA, PhD, PA-C
Objective: The objective of this selective EBM review is to determine whether or not yoga decreases self-report of antenatal depression among healthy pregnant women aged 18-40 years old in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters.
Study Design: Review of three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in peer reviewed journals in 2013 and one RCT published in a peer reviewed journal in 2012 were used.
Data Source: Data sources included articles published in English in peer reviewed journals found using PubMed. Articles were selected based on their relevance to my clinical question.
Outcomes Measured: All four studies measured self-report of symptoms of depression using a variety of self-report questionnaires including the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS), Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Profile of Mood States (POMS).
Results: Three studies found that self-reported symptoms of depression decreased with yoga therapy as compared to control groups of regular prenatal care and standard antenatal practices including simple stretching exercises. One study found that self-reported symptoms of depression decreased with both yoga therapy and the control group, a social support group.
Conclusions: These four RCTs found that there is a statistically significant decrease in self-reports of antenatal depression among healthy pregnant women aged 18-40 years old in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters who engaged in yoga therapy as compared to control groups. However, the generalizability of these results needs further investigation.
Moore, Emily J., "Does Yoga Decrease Self-Report of Antenatal Depression Among Healthy Pregnant Women Aged 18-40 Years Old in the 2nd and 3rd Trimesters?" (2016). PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship. 294.