Systematic review of corpus callosotomy utilizing MRI guided laser interstitial thermal therapy.
Corpus callosotomy is a palliative surgical option for patients with refractory epilepsy and frequent drop attacks, decreasing seizure frequency and severity by disconnecting the cerebral hemispheres. Though often successful, open surgery is not without risk. Corpus callosotomy by MRI-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRgLITT) is a minimally invasive alternative to the standard open procedure. This report aims to present an illustrative case and systematically review the current literature on the surgical technique. A systematic review of the English literature through January 2019 was performed. Articles were searched by title utilizing the following key word combinations: "laser" and "callosotomy", "callosotomy" and "ablation", "laser" and "corpus", "callosotomy" and "thermal", and "stereotactic" and callosotomy". The articles recovered were then classified by level of evidence and summarized. Fifteen papers were reviewed, of which 6 met inclusion and exclusion criteria. All included studies were classified as level IV evidence. There was a total of 13 patients ranging from 13 months to 44 years old (mean 23.5 years old). The number of laser fibers utilized ranged from 1 to 3. Engel class I was achieved in 5 patients, II in 4, III in 2, IV in 1. Reported patient follow up was 4-39.7 months (mean 15.43). Corpus callosotomy utilizing MRI-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy results in improvement in seizure frequency and severity with minimal complications. Prospective trials are needed to compare its seizure control and long-term outcomes to that of standard open callosotomy.
Journal of Clinical Neuroscience
Badger, Clint A; Lopez, Alejandro J; Heuer, Gregory; and Kennedy, Benjamin C, "Systematic review of corpus callosotomy utilizing MRI guided laser interstitial thermal therapy." (2020). Neurosurgery Resident Research. 4.