Title

Regional circulatory and systemic hemodynamic effects of diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin in the rat

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1994

Abstract

Diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin (DCLHb(®)) (Baxter Healthcare Corporation) is a promising resuscitative fluid. The effect of DCLHb (400 mg/kg, iv), on regional circulation and systemic hemodynamics was studied in male Sprague-Dawley rats using a radioactive microsphere technique. Systemic hemodynamics, distribution of cardiac output, regional blood flow and vascular resistance were determined before (baseline) and 15, 30 and 60 min after the administration of DCLHb. Infusion of an equal volume of saline did not produce any significant change in systemic hemodynamics or regional circulation. DCLHb produced an increase (79%) in the mean blood pressure which lasted for more than 60 min. Heart rate, cardiac output and stroke volume were not significantly affected, while total peripheral resistance was increased after the administration of DCLHb. DCLHb produced significant increases in blood flow to the heart, gastrointestinal tract (GIT), portal system and skin. The blood flow to kidney, brain and musculoskeletal system was not significantly affected by DCLHb. The vascular resistance was not altered in the heart, brain, GIT, portal system, kidney or skin, but there was a marked increase in the vascular resistance in the musculoskeletal system. There was a significant increase in the percentage of cardiac output to visceral organs like heart, GIT and portal system, while a marked decrease in the percent cardiac output to musculoskeletal system was observed with DCLHb. It is concluded that the blood flow to most of the organs is either increased or is not affected by DCLHb. Diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin (DCLHbTM) (Baxter Healthcare Corporation) is a promising resuscitative fluid. The effect of DCLHb (400 mg/kg, iv), on regional circulation and systemic hemodynamics was studied in male Sprague-Dawley rats using a radioactive microsphere technique. Systemic hemodynamics, distribution of cardiac output, regional blood flow and vascular resistance were determined before (baseline) and 15, 30 and 60 min after the administration of DCLHb. Infusion of an equal volume of saline did not produce any significant change in systemic hemodynamics or regional circulation. DCLHb produced an increase (79%) in the mean blood pressure which lasted for more than 60 min. Heart rate, cardiac output and stroke volume were not significantly affected, while total peripheral resistance was increased after the administration of DCLHb. DCLHb produced significant increases in blood flow to the heart, gastrointestinal tract (GIT), portal system and skin. The blood flow to kidney, brain and musculoskeletal system was not significantly affected by DCLHb. The vascular resistance was not altered in the heart, brain, GIT, portal system, kidney or skin, but there was a marked increase in the vascular resistance in the musculoskeletal system. There was a significant increase in the percentage of cardiac output to visceral organs like heart, GIT and portal system, while a marked decrease in the percent cardiac output to musculoskeletal system was observed with DCLHb. It is concluded that the blood flow to most of the organs is either increased or is not affected by DCLHb.

Publication Title

Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology

Volume

22

Issue

3

First Page

593

Last Page

602

Comments

This article was published in Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology, Volume 22, Issue 3, Pages 593-602.

The published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10731199409117888.

Copyright © 1994 Informa.

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