Title

Despite minimal hemodynamic alterations endotoxemia modulates NOS and p38-MAPK phosphorylation via metalloendopeptidases

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2004

Abstract

In the present study, we hypothesized that endotoxemia produces metalloendopeptidase (MEPD)-dependent generation of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and alters NOS expression correlating with p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation in thoracic aorta. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (350-400 g) were subjected to two groups randomly; sham-treated (N = 10) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated (N = 10) (E. coli LPS 2 mg/kg bolus + 2 mg/kg infusion for 30 min). The animals in each group were further subdivided into vehicle and MEPD inhibitor phosphoramidon (1 mg/kg bolus, PHOS)-treated groups. LPS produces a significant decrease in mean arterial pressure (MAP) at 2 h post endotoxemia that was blocked by PHOS. PHOS attenuated LPS-induced increase in tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) concentration at 2- and 24 h post-LPS administration. LPS significantly elevated plasma concentrations of ET-1 at 2- and 24 h post endotoxemia. An upregulated preproET-1 expression following both LPS and MEPD inhibition was observed in thoracic aorta at 2 h post treatment. PHOS effectively blocked conversion of preproET-1 to ET-1 in thoracic aorta locally at 24 h post treatment in endotoxic rats. PHOS inhibited LPS-induced upregulation of inducible NOS (iNOS), downregulation of endothelial NOS (eNOS) and elevation of NO byproducts (NO x) in thoracic aorta. PHOS also blocked LPS-induced upregulated p38-MAPK phosphorylation in thoracic aorta at 24 h post endotoxemia. The data revealed that LPS induces MEPD-sensitive inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) at 2- and 24 h post endotoxemia. We concluded that inhibition of MEPD not only decreases the levels of ET-1 but also simultaneously downregulates protein expression of iNOS and phosphorylated p38-MAPK while increasing eNOS in thoracic aorta during SIRS in endotoxemia. We suggest that MEPD-dependent ET-1 and NO mechanisms may be involved in endotoxemia-induced altered p38-MAPK phosphorylation. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Publication Title

Molecular and cellular biochemistry

Volume

265

First Page

47

Last Page

56

Comments

This article was published in Molecular and cellular biochemistry, Volume 265, Issue 42006, Pages 47-56.

The published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:MCBI.0000044314.29395.fb.

Copyright © 2004.

This document is currently not available here.

COinS