Title

Left ventricular mitogen activated protein kinase signaling following polymicrobial sepsis during streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemia

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2004

Abstract

We hypothesized that sepsis during hyperglycemia would activate left ventricular (LV) mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling mechanisms and modulate generation of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO) that can contribute to the progression of LV dysfunction. A single injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 60 mg/kg, via tail vein) was used to produce type 2 diabetes in male SD rats. Polymicrobial sepsis and sham-sepsis were induced using single i.p. injection of cecal inoculum and sterile 5% dextrose water, respectively, on the 13th and 27th day following STZ injection. Both 2-week (2-wk) and 4-wk diabetes groups were associated with hyperglycemia and weight loss. LV end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) was significantly increased in 4-wk diabetes but not in 2-wk diabetes group. Plasma concentration of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) was significantly increased in 4-wk diabetes+sepsis group as compared to sham, 2-wk diabetes+sepsis and sepsis groups. Elevated plasma and LV ET-1 and NO byproducts (NOx) along with LV preproET-1 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) protein expression were observed in 4-wk but not in 2-wk diabetes group. Sepsis further elevated LV iNOS and preproET-1 in 4-wk diabetes group. Up-regulated phosphorylation of LV p38-MAPK, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and heat shock protein-27 (Hsp27) was observed in 4-wk diabetes group. Sepsis caused a factorial increase in LV p38-MAPK and Hsp27 phosphorylation and iNOS up-regulation but not ERK1/2 following progression from 2-wk to 4-wk diabetes. The study provides evidence that sepsis up-regulated LV iNOS, p38-MAPK phosphorylation and elevated LVEDP during 4-wk diabetes. We concluded that sepsis contributes in the development of LVEDP dysfunction and alteration in signaling mechanisms depending upon the progression from 2-wk to 4-wk diabetes in the rat. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Publication Title

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease

Volume

1690

Issue

1

First Page

42

Last Page

53

Comments

This article was published in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease, Volume 1690, Issue 1, Pages 42-53.

The published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbadis.2004.05.001.

Copyright © 2004.

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