Title

Coping styles, paradox, and the cold pressor task

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1989

Abstract

The study investigated how coping style differences affected performance on the cold pressor task. Reactions of 'monitors' (individuals who prefer having information about stressors) and 'blunters' (individuals who avoid cues connected with stressors) were compared, using different instructional sets. The study also assessed the effectiveness of paradoxical intention compared to more traditional cognitive strategies. Monitors and blunters were identified using Miller's recently developed Behavioral Style Scale. All instructional sets improved performance in comparison to a control condition, and individuals generally did better when an instructional set supported their preferred coping style. Paradoxical intention did not show any decided advantage over other strategies. The desirability of designing stress management programs to fit individual coping style patterns is discussed.

Publication Title

Journal of Behavioral Medicine

Volume

12

Issue

1

First Page

91

Last Page

103

Comments

This article was published in Journal of Behavioral Medicine, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 91-103.

The published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00844751 .

Copyright © 1989 Springer.

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