Title

Fluoroquinolone-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Risk factors for acquisition and impact on outcomes

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2005

Abstract

Objectives: Resistance among Pseudomonas aeruginosa has risen dramatically and parallels the increase in fluoroquinolone (FQ) prescribing in recent years. Risk factors for FQ resistance in P. aeruginosa and its impact on outcomes need to be well characterized. Methods: A case-control study was carried out on hospitalized adult patients from whom FQ-resistant (case) and FQ-susceptible (control) P. aeruginosa were isolated. Results: A total of 177 patients with positive cultures (91 cases and 86 controls) and 119 with documented infections (65 cases, 54 controls) were included in risk factor and outcomes analysis, respectively. Independent risk factors for FQ resistance were: FQ exposure (OR 12.6, CI 4.95-32), nosocomial acquisition (OR 8.6, CI 3.5-20.7), and diabetes mellitus (OR 6.4, CI 2.1-19.3). An FQ agent was prescribed in 59% of patients receiving an 'antipseudomonal' empirical regimen. Compared with controls, FQ-resistant cases had a median delay to receiving effective therapy of 3.5 days versus 1 day and poorer outcomes: (i) lower complete response rate (45% versus 63%, P = 0.04); (ii) longer time to achieve clinical stability (8 days versus 3 days, P = 0.005); and (iii) higher infection-related mortality (21% versus 7%; OR = 2.9, 0.9-9.4). Empirical FQ use (OR 4.6, CI 1.5-14.3), FQ resistance (OR 3.6, CI 1.0-13.1), and high APACHE II score (OR 1.1, CI 1.0-1.2) were independent risk factors for increased mortality. Conclusions: FQ exposure from widespread prescribing is a modifiable risk factor for FQ resistance in P. aeruginosa. FQ empirical therapy for Pseudomonas infections may be associated with significant delays in administering effective therapy resulting in adverse outcomes. © The Author 2005. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.

Publication Title

Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Volume

55

Issue

4

First Page

535

Last Page

541

Comments

This article was published in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Volume 55, Issue 4, Pages 535-541.

The published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dki026.

Copyright © 2005 Scopus.

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