Title

Effect of nesiritide infusion duration on renal function in acutely decompensated heart failure patients

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2007

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Nesiritide, a synthetic B-type natriuretic peptide, is used for the treatment of patients with acutely decompensated heart failure. Although nesiritide has been reported to worsen renal function, as reflected by significant elevations to serum creatinine (SCr), the impact of infusion duration on renal function has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of nesiritide infusion duration (<24 h vs =24 h) on worsening renal function in patients with acutely decompensated heart failure. METHODS: Medical records of hospitalized patients receiving nesiritide were retrospectively reviewed, and 84 consecutive charts of patients with acute decompensated heart failure and available renal function tests were identified for the study. SCr and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were documented at baseline and during infusion. Worsening renal function was defined as an increase in SCr of 0.5 mg/dL or more or BUN 10 mg/dL or more from baseline. RESULTS: Univariate analysis showed a significant association between nesiritide infusion duration of 24 hours or more (26.1% vs 2.6%; p = 0.003), high diuretic doses (61.5% vs 32.4%; p = 0.045), and baseline SCr (2.0 ± 0.8 vs 1.5 ± 0.7 mg/dL; p = 0.04) with increases in SCr of 0.5 mg/dL or more. However, only infusion duration of 24 hours or more was statistically on multivariate analysis, after adjusting for baseline SCr (OR 10.46; 95% CI 1.26 to 86.72; p = 0.03). Longer duration of infusion was also a consistent variable in both univariate and multivariate analysis when elevated BUN was evaluated (34.8 vs 2.6%; p < 0.001 and OR 19.73; 95% CI 2.47 to 157.46; p = 0.005, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Nesiritide infusion of 24 hours or more appears to be significantly associated with elevated markers of worsening renal function in patients with acutely decompensated heart failure compared with infusion of less than 24 hours; however, prospective studies are needed to corroborate this finding.

Publication Title

Annals of Pharmacotherapy

Volume

41

Issue

4

First Page

556

Last Page

561

Comments

This article was published in Annals of Pharmacotherapy, Volume 41, Issue 4, Pages 556-561.

The published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1345/aph.1H589.

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