Title

Insulin-like Growth Factor-I Induces Renal Cell Hypertrophy via a Calcineurin-dependent Mechanism

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2001

Abstract

Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) may play an important role in the development of renal hypertrophy. In this study we determined the effect of IGF-I on cultured mesangial cells (MCs) and examined activation of key signaling pathways. IGF-I induced hypertrophy as determined by an increase in cell size and an increase in protein to DNA ratio and increased accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. IGF-I also activated both Erk1/Erk2 MAPK and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) in MCs. Inhibition of either MAPK or PI3K, however, had no effect on IGF-I-induced hypertrophy or ECM production. Next, we examined the effect of IGF-I on activation of the calcium-dependent phosphatase calcineurin. IGF-I treatment stimulated calcineurin activity and increased the protein levels of calcineurin and the calcineurin binding protein, calmodulin. Cyclosporin A, an inhibitor of calcineurin, blocked both IGF-I-mediated hypertrophy and up-regulation of ECM. In addition, calcineurin resulted in sustained Akt activation, indicating possible cross-talk with other signaling pathways. Finally, IGF-I treatment resulted in the calcineurindependent nuclear localization of NFATc1. Therefore, IGF-I induces hypertrophy and increases ECM accumulation in MCs. IGF-I-mediated hypertrophy is associated with activation of Erk1/Erk2 MAPK and PI3K but does not require either of these pathways. Instead, IGF-I mediates hypertrophy via a calcineurin-dependent pathway.

Publication Title

Journal of Biological Chemistry

Volume

276

Issue

45

First Page

42492

Last Page

42500

Comments

This article was published in Journal of Biological Chemistry, Volume 276, Issue 45, Pages 42492-42500.

The published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M102994200.

Copyright © 2001 Scopus.

This document is currently not available here.

COinS