Title

A comparison of Swedenborg's and Sutherland's descriptions of brain, dural membrane and cranial bone motion

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2008

Abstract

Two hundred years before Sutherland's introduction of the cranial concept, Emanuel Swedenborg described a sophisticated and unique model of brain and body function, which contained some ideas similar to those found in Sutherland's cranial concept. This paper will review a portion of Swedenborg's paradigm of the brain and central nervous system as described in his scientific works, particularly "The Brain". It will focus on Swedenborg's description of inherent motion of the brain, the reciprocal motion of the dura mater, and cranial bone motion. These concepts will be compared and contrasted to the areas of William Garner Sutherland's cranial concept that deal with brain motion, dural motion and cranial bone motion. Historical connections between Sutherland and Swedenborg's ideas will also be explored.

Publication Title

AAO Journal

Volume

18

Issue

2

First Page

20

Last Page

29

Comments

This article was published in AAO Journal, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 20-29.

The published version is available at http://files.academyofosteopathy.org.

Copyright © 2008.

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