Title

Effect of α2 adrenergic agents upon central etorphine antinociception in the cat

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1984

Abstract

Systemic (s.c.) administration of α2 agonists clonidine (25-100 μg/kg) or guanfacine (50-400 μg/kg) elicited antinociception as assessed by the cat tail-flick model and potentiated in a dose-dependent manner the antinociceptive effect of etorphine (2.5 μg) administered directly into the periaqueductal gray. Conversely, systemic yohimbine (1 mg/kg) attenuated the effects of central etorphine, and diminished potentiation of etorphine by the α2 agonists. Prior microinjection of clonidine (5μg) or guanfacine (5 μg) into the locus coeruleus (LC) reduced the intensity of central etorphine antinociception whereas central yohimbine (20 μg) pretreatment increased peak antinociceptive activity and prolonged the duration of etorphine. Thus, systemic α2 agonists are inherently antinociceptive and potentiate central narcotic antinociception; however, the site of interaction between α2 agonists and opiates does not appear to be the LC inasmuch as α2 agonists attenuate the antinociceptive effect of etorphine when administered directly into the LC. A spinal site of action is suggested based upon known LC-spinal projections and our experimental observations. © 1984.

Publication Title

Brain research

Volume

309

Issue

1

First Page

135

Last Page

142

Comments

This article was published in Federation proceedings, Volume 41, Issue 4.

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