Date of Submission
Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)
Robert A DiTomasso, PhD, ABPP, Chair, Department of Psychology
Stacey Cahn, PhD, Chairperson
Elizabeth A Gosch, PhD, ABPP
Christopher Adams, PhD
This study investigated the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention, Yoga with Meditation (YWM), on self-criticism, self-compassion, and mindfulness in a graduate student population. When compared to a control group, the experimental group reported decreased self-criticism, and increased self-compassion and mindfulness. The experimental group consisted of graduate students interested in participating in weekly yoga and meditation classes over the course of a two-month time period. Each participant was encouraged to complete self-report measures prior to the first YWM session, and after the completion of each YWM class. Baseline and post-intervention scores of 24 individuals who attended at least four of the classes were included in the data analysis. The control group consisted of 24 graduate students in a research methods class who voluntarily completed the measures at week one for baseline data and at week four of the study to obtain post-test scores. The measures included the Philadelphia Mindfulness Scale (PHLMS), the Levels of Self-Criticism Scale (LOSC), and the Self- Compassion Scale (SCS). The YWM group reported significant decreased scores on the LOSC, and increased scores on the SCS and PHLMS, when compared to the control group who reported no significant changes from baseline to post-intervention. Results suggest that YWM may be a useful tool to increase levels of mindfulness and self-compassion, and more importantly, to decrease levels of self-criticism.
Newby, Kelly, "The Effects of Yoga with Meditation (YWM) on Self-Criticism, Self-Compassion, and Mindfulness" (2014). PCOM Psychology Dissertations. 296.