Date of Award
Master of Science in Biomedical Sciences
Charlotte Greene, PhD
Marcus J Bell, PhD
Camille DiLullo, PhD
Richard Kriebel, PhD, Head of Department of Neuroscience, Physiology, and Pharmacology
This research examined the effects that a cell phone distraction had on subjects completing a maze task. Twenty-four subjects participated in the study (12 Younger subjects and 12 Older subjects; 14 females and 10 males). Subjects completed an identical maze task during each of three sessions. During the first session, subjects completed the maze task without the distraction of cell phone use. The second session involved completion of the maze task while listening to a transcript read over a cell phone. The third session involved completion of the maze task while participating in a cell phone conversation. Subjects’ performances were recorded for analysis selected parameters: maze completion time, number of dead-ends entered, pauses, and loss of concentration. These data were compared by age and gender. Significantly, females took longer than males to complete the maze task in both cell phone sessions. However, males had a significant increase in the number of pauses during the maze task (Sessions 2 and 3), but still managed to complete the task more quickly than the female subjects. Younger subjects had a significant loss of concentration in both cell phone sessions, which was not observed in the Older subjects. This study suggests that the use of cell phone should be limited when performing a task that relies on attentiveness.
Lundy, Kharma J., "Does Use of a Cell Phone Affect Cognition?" (2011). PCOM Biomedical Studies Student Scholarship. 40.